Creative Essence


Adams, Henry. Viktor Schreckengost and 20th Century Design. Cleveland. Cleveland Museum of Art, Distributed by the Washington University Press. Seattle, 2000.

____________Paul Travis. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 2001.

Baran-Mickle, William, “Frederick Miller: A Precarious Balance” in Metalsmith. Spring 1993.

Bassett, Mark and Victoria Naumann. Cowan Pottery and the Cleveland School. Atglen, PA. Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996.

Bearden, Romare and Harry A. A History of African-American Artists from 1792 to the Present 1993, Pantheon Books 328-36

Berardi, Marianne. Hungarians at the Easel. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 2004.

Essays by Alfred L. Bright, Samuel W. Black, Pamela McKee. Yet Still We Rise: African American Art in Cleveland 1920-1970. catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1996.

Essays by Daniel H. Butts, Edward B Henning, Carolyn Jirousek, Elizabeth McClelland, Harmonic Forms on the Edge: Geometric Abstraction in Cleveland. Catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland. 2001.

Campbell, Margaret Mary, Print-A-Month, Cleveland Printmakers, 1932-26, April 16-May 21, 1982, “Artists’ Need of Patronage is sited by Milliken.” Cleveland Press, April 8,1932 “Introductory Essay” John Carroll University, 1982.

Campbell, Thomas F. and Edward M. Miggins, eds. The Birth of Modern Cleveland, 1865-1930. Cleveland. London, Cranbury, N.J: Western Reserve Historical Society. (In association with University Presses),1988.

Cigliano, Jan. Showplace of America: Cleveland’s Euclid Avenue.1850-1910. Kent: Kent State University Press. 1991.

Citizens League Research Institute, et al. Rating the Region. Cleveland: The Institute.1994.

City of Cleveland’s Civic Vision 2000 and Beyond: Building an Even Greater Cleveland.
City of Cleveland, 2000.

Cleveland Artists Foundation. Proceedings of the symposium Cleveland’s Artistic Heritage presented at the Cleveland Museum of Art in March 1996. Eleven papers presented in this publication. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1997.

Cleveland Artists Foundation Catalogues for Exhibitions: 1986 2004:

Essays by Rotraud Sackerlotsky, Robert Jursinski. David Batz, an Impassioned Journey. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 2000.

Sackerlotzky, Rotraud. With essay by O.P.Reed Jr. August F. Biehle, Jr., Ohio Landscapes. ed. Ellen G.Landau. Cleveland: Mather Gallery, 1986.

Sackerlotsky, Rotraud and Mary Sayre Haverstock. F. C. Gottwald and the Old Bohemians. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1993.

______________. Henry Keller’s Summer School in Berlin Heights. (Henry Keller, Frank N. Wilcox, Grace Kelly, Clara Deike, August Biehle Jr.)Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation,1990

_______________Provocative Pens Four Cleveland Cartoonists. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1992.
Essays by Christine Fowler Shearer and William Robinson. Carl Gaertner: A Story of Earth and Steel. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 2000.

Cleveland Artists Foundation, Ohio Artists Now Monograph series:
Butts, H. Daniel III. Phyllis Sloane. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation,1996
Dancyger, Ruth. Phyllis Seltzer. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation,1996.
McClelland, Elizabeth. Shirley Aley Campbell. Cleveland: 1995.
___________________Mary Lou Ferbert. Cleveland: 1993.
___________________Gloria Plevin. Cleveland: 1998.
__________________ La Wilson.Cleveland:1994

Cleveland Artists Foundation Symposium Papers:
Richert, Sandy, ed. Cleveland as a Center of Regional American Art. Proceedings of the Cleveland Artists Foundation symposium at The Cleveland Museum of Art, November 13 and 14, 1993. Cleveland: CAF, 1993. Includes papers presented by Gladys Haddad and Holly Rarick Witchey.

Cleveland Artists Foundation videos, 1986-2003.
Creative Essence 1900-2000, 47 minute video. Cleveland: 2003.
European Vision, American Eye: The Life and Art of August F. Biehle Jr. 1885-1979.
25 minute video. Cleveland:

Cleveland Public Library: Brochure on Public Art. Cleveland: 1999.

Community Partnership for Arts and Culture. Northeast Ohio’s Arts and Culture Plan. Cleveland: 2000.

Crunden, Robert M. American Salons: Encounters with European Modernism 1885-1917. New York: Oxford University Press,1993.

Dancygr, Ruth. Edris Eckhardt, Cleveland Sculptor, ed. Roger Welchans, Cleveland Artists Series. Cleveland: John Carroll University,1990.
_____________ Kubinyi and Hall. Cleveland Artists Series. Cleveland: John Carroll University, 1988.

______________Essays by Ruth Dancyger, Nannette V. Maciejunes and William H. Robinson. A Brush With Light: Watercolor Painters of Northeast Ohio, 1903-1958. catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1998

FitzGerald, Frances. Cities on a Hill: A Journey Through Contemporary American Cultures:
New York
. Simon and Schuster,1992.

Freleigh, Rebekkah. Cleveland Plain Dealer Magazine. March 1991.

Fussell, Paul. Class: A Guide through the American Status System. New York. Simon and Schuster. 1992.

Gaede, Robert C., and Robert Kalin, eds. Guide to Cleveland Architecture, 1st and 2nd edition, AIA Cleveland, a chapter of the American Institute of Architects. Cleveland: 1991, 1997.

Garreau, Joel. The Nine Nations of North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1981.

Gerdts, William. Art Across America: Two Centuries of Regionalist Painting. Vol I-III. New York: Abbeville Press. 1990.

Greenberg, Clement, and John O’Brien, ed. The Collected Essays and Critcism:Modernism with a Vengeance 1957-1969. Vol. 4. New York: Oxford University Press. 1999.

Haberman, Ian. The Van Sweringens of Cleveland: The Biography of an Empire. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society, 1979.

Hall, Peter. Cities in Civilization: Culture, Innovation and Urban Order. London: Phoenix Giant. 1998.

“The History of the Shaker Lakes Regional Nature Center”, Betty Miller at the annual meeting of SLRNC. 1986. (written comments)

Inside Business Magazine. “30 Biggest Moments in Northeast Ohio Business History”, (Special Issue). October 2001.

Johannesen, Eric. A Cleveland Legacy: The Architecture of Walker and Weeks. Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999.
______________Cleveland Architecture 1876-1976. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society,1979.

Johnson, Kirk. “In Art’s Footsteps”, A ten-part series. New York Times, Summer 2001.

League of Women Voters of Cuyahoga County. Land Use and Transportation Policy in Cuyahoga County: A Close Relationship. Cleveland: League of Women Voters of Cuyahoga County, 2000.

Litt, Steven. “The Forgotten Valley”, (series of 5 articles) Plain Dealer. November 19-25, 2000.
“Uncertain Shore”, February 28, 2001. E1, E10.
“On the Waterfront: To be a Contender, Cleveland needs consensus---and cash”. Plain Dealer. November 18, 2001.

Marling, Karal Ann. “New Deal Art in Cleveland” Federal Art in Cleveland. Cleveland: Cleveland Public Library. 1974.

McClelland, Elizabeth. Shirley Aley Campell. Ohio Artists Now Monograph series. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1995.

____________________Cosmic Rhythms: Athena Tacha’s Public Sculpture. Catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1998.

____________________Mary Lou Ferbert. Ohio Artists Now Monograph series. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1993.

___________________La Wilson. Ohio Artists Now Monograph series. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1994.

__________________“Joseph McCullough, Ephemera Captured”, Harmonic Forms on the Edge:Geometric Abstraction in Cleveland. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation. 2001.

________________Gloria Plevin. Ohio Artists Now Monograph series. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation, 1998.

McDermott, Kathleen. America’s Paint Company: A History of Sherwin Williams. Cleveland: Sherwin Williams. 1991.

McGill, William A., selected and edited by, The Ohio Canals. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1969.

Mumford, Lewis. The Culture of Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company. 1938.

Muschamp, Herbert. “The Context Isn’t Limited to the Visible”. The New York Times, July 9, 2000.

Neruda, Pablo. The Book of Questions, Translated by William O Daly. Port Townsend, Washington, Copper Canyon Press, 1991.

Perry, Barbara, ed. American Ceramic: The Collection of the Everson Museum of Art. New York: Rizzoli, 1989.
_____________. “Modernism and American Ceramics” in Janet Kardon, ed. Craft in the Machine Age, 98-109.

Pina, Leslie. Louis Rorimer. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society, 1990.

Plattner, Stuart. High Art Down Home: An Economic Ethnography of a Local Art Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Richert, Sandy ed., et al. Cleveland as a Center of Regional American Art: Papers from Symposium presented by the Cleveland Artists Foundation, Cleveland Museum of Art, November 13-14, 1993. Cleveland: Cleveland Artists Foundation 1994.

Robinson, William H. and David Steinberg. Transformations in Cleveland Art 1796-1946. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1996

Rose, William Ganson. Cleveland: The Making of a City. Cleveland and New York. World Publishing Co. 1950

Roth, Michael, with Claire Lyons and Charles Merewether. Irresistible Decay: Ruins Reclaimed. Getty Research Institute for the Arts and Humanities. Los Angeles: 1997.

Schofield, Mary-Peale. Landmark Architecture of Cleveland, Pittsburgh. Ober Park Associates, Inc. 1976.

Sparks Amy Braken. “Shooting the Holy Ghost: Doug Lucak’s Visions of Cleveland”. Dialogue,
December 1, 2000, 41.

Jon Spayde. “Made in America: The Ecology of Ruins”, Utne Reader. July-August 2000.

Stakes, Damon. Cleveland Rocks: A Bicentennial Political and Social History of Cleveland, 1796-1996. Cleveland: Publishing Co.1995.

Sterns, Robert, ed. Illusions of Eden: Visions of the American Heartland, Arts Midwest and the Ohio Arts Council’s International Program in partnership with the Columbus d Museum of Art. Columbus: 2001.

Sweet, David C., ed. et al. Katheryn Wertheim Hexter, and David Beach. The New American City Faces Its Regional Future, A Cleveland Perspective. Athens: Ohio University Press. 1999.

Townsend, J. Benjamin. Charles Burchfield Journals: The Poetry of Place. Albany: State University of New York, 1993.

____________________”Crisis and Renewal: Charles Burchfield, 1915-6”. Weekly, Nancy, Life Cycles: The Charles Burchfield Collection. Buffalo, N.Y.: The Burchfield-Penny Art Center, Buffalo State College, 1996.

Tranberg. Dan. “Judith Salomon: Talking with Cleveland’s Noted Ceramic Artist”. Dialogue
December 1,2000, .45

Tuchman, Barbara. ‘On Quality’. The NewYork Times Magazine, November 2, 1980.

Van Tassel, David D.and John Grabowski, eds. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1987.

Wilcox, Frank ‘Essentials of Pictorial Expressionism’ (Previously unpublished manuscript of Wilcox made possible in the publication through the kindness of Elaine and Joseph Kisvardi.)

Wilcox, Frank. Ohio Indian Trails. Gates Press. Cleveland: 1933.

Wilson, Chris.The Myth of Santa Fe: Creating a Modern Regional Tradition. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. 1997.

Witchey, Holly Rarick with John Vacha. Fine Arts in Cleveland: An Illustrated History. Indiana University Press: Bloomington, IN, 1994.

Young, David. Seasonings A Poet’s Year. Athens: Ohio University Press: 1999.


Bibliographic Notes

The comprehensive histories of Cleveland usually start with William Ganson Rose, Cleveland: the Making of a City (Cleveland and New York: World Publishing, 1950) followed by the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History: 2nd edition (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1996). There are other condensed histories on Cleveland and books about history and opinion about the future. There are studies of Cleveland’s ethnic and racial communities, cultural traditions and Cleveland art. In this last area, there are few books and many excellent written and photographic sources that can be found at Cleveland Museum of Art, Kent Smith Library at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland State University, Cleveland Institute of Art, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio and the Archives of American Art and the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. There are complete bibliographical notes in William H. Robinson and David Steinberg, Transformations in Cleveland’s Art, 1796-1946: Community and Diversity in Early Modern America. (The Cleveland Museum of Art. 1996)

The following bibliography of catalogues is enormously helpful for expansion of biographies and careers of the artists in this chapter. Information about the Catalogues of the Cleveland Artists Foundation exhibits are available on the website

Helpful resources in architecture are Gaede, Robert C. and Kalin, Robert, eds. Guide to Cleveland Architecture. 1st ed.,1991. 2nd ed., 1997. Cleveland: AIA Cleveland, a chapter of the American Institute of Architects, Johannesen, Eric. A Cleveland Legacy: The Architecture of Walker and Weeks. and Cleveland Architecture 1876-1976. Cleveland, 1979, published by the Western Reserve Historical Society as well as Mary-Peale Schofield’s Landmark Architecture of Cleveland, 1976, Pittsburgh: Ober Park Associates, Inc.

One of the most useful resources is the state compendium Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary compiled and edited by Mary Sayre Haverstock, Jeannette Mahoney Vance, and Brian Meggitt (Kent,Ohio: Kent State University Press,2000.)

A Walking Tour and Guide to Public Art in Downtown Cleveland. Cleveland Public Art. 2003.

Carolyn K.Carr. Five Perspectives. Catalogue and exhibition. (Halem, Kelly, Mayer, Pearson, Salomon), Akron, Ohio: Akron Art Museum, 1985.

Hall, Michael. “The Symphony and the Garage” The Spirit of Cleveland: Visual Arts Recipients of the Cleveland Arts Prize 1961-1995. Cleveland: Cleveland Institute of Art. 1995.

Hinson, Tom. The Invitational: Artists of Northeast Ohio: An Invitational exhibition of the works of fifteen artists. (Christina de Paul, Kenneth Dingwall, Carl Floyd, Don Harvey, Masumi Hayashi, Curlee Raven Holten, Michael Loderstedt, Kirk Mangus, Richard Myers, Ken Nevadomi, Paul O’Keefe, Patricia Zinsmeister Parker, John Pearson, Annie Petres, La Wilson). catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1991.

____________1994 Invitational: Artists of Northeast Ohio, exhibit at Cleveland Museum of Art, August 31-October 23, 1994. (Joan Damankos, Mark E. Howard, Eva Kwong,
Craig Lucas, Christopher Pekoc, Audra Skoudas, Catherine Tigue, Lilian Tyrrell), catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland Museum of Art, 1994.

____________Urban Evidence; Artists Reveal Cleveland, catalogues I and II for collaborative exhibition project sponsored by the Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art and SPACES, (Judith Barry, Johnny Coleman, Christina de Paul, Kevin Jerome Everson, Don Harvey, Mark Howard, Ilya Kabakov, Joseph Kosuth, Michael Loderstedt, Tatsuo Miyahima, Holly Morrison, Paul O’Keeffe, Andres Serrano, Lorna Simpson, Brinsley Tyrrell, Lilian Tyrrell, Laila Voss,) Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1996.

Hoffman, Jay, Dee Driscole, Mary Clare Zahler A Study in Regional Taste, The May Show 1919-1975, (Kenneth Bates, August Biehle, Shirley Aley Campbell, Carroll Cassill, John Clague, Edris Eckhardt, William McVey, Viktor Schreckengost, William Sommer). Catalogue and exhibition. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1977.

McClelland, Elizabeth. Cleveland Writers on Cleveland Artists, an Anthology. Cleveland: John Carroll University, Cleveland Artists Series. 1990.

Ohio Arts Council. Transcending traditions: Ohio Artists is Clay and Fiber. February 16-March 17, 2000, catalogue and exhibition. Columbus: 2000.

Robinson, William H. Clarence Carter, The Unknown Snapshot Studies. 1904-2000,
Southern Ohio Museum, Portsmouth. 2004. Catalogue and exhibition. Portsmouth, Ohio: Southern Ohio Museum, 2004.

Welchans, Roger, catalogue essay for the exhibit, David E. Davis: Transformations, The Butler
Institute of Art. Youngstown, Ohio, 2000.



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