Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Bauhaus The architecture, design, craft and fine art school established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919, transferred to Dessau in 1925, and finally moved to Berlin in 1932. It closed in 1933 under increasing political interference. It brought together architects, painters and designers from many countries with the goal of developing a comprehensive modern design idiom, based on functional principals, for all the visual arts. Its influence was worldwide, and the emigration of many of its most distinguished faculty to the United States in the 1930s profoundly affected the evolution of the International Style and modern design in North America.

beam - a horizontal structural element that supports a load

Beaux Arts - A monumental classical (Roman) architectural style popular ca. 1895-1920, first taught at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, whose buildings share many of the formal characteristics of their Neoclassical Revival contemporaries, but generally include columns, pediments, parapets or balustrades and elaborate sculptural elements

bell tower - a tower for church bells

Buddha Hall - a large room where people gather together for worship in Buddhist temples